By Leonardo Trevisan. Published 1998. ISBN
This paper draws on Brazilian sources to explore the changes in the Brazilian labour market following the liberalisation of external trade in the 1990s. The paper pays particular attention to the relationship between the formal sector, the informal sector and the rate of unemployment as well as changes in labour productivity. The author notes the uneven nature of technological modernisation in Brazil and examines those sectors and groups of companies that have been most successful in responding to the new challenges and opportunities. He argues that training is the key to long-term improvements in the labour market, while short-term effects – including privatisation – may make it very difficult to avoid an increase in the rate of unemployment.